What is Scrum Team? Scrum Guide

The Sprint Goal also creates coherence and focus, encouraging the Scrum Team to work together rather than on separate initiatives. Product Backlog items that can be Done by the Scrum Team within one Sprint are deemed ready for selection in a Sprint Planning event. They usually acquire this degree of transparency after refining activities. Product Backlog refinement is the act of breaking down and further defining Product Backlog items into smaller more precise items.

The Development Team is the portion of the Team that develops or creates the product. When Scrum is really working well and Teams are performing at a high level, everyone does their part to achieve a collective goal. Companies like Samsung, Airbus, NEC, and startups rely on us to build great online products. We can help you too, by enabling you to hire and effortlessly manage expert developers.

Product Owner

In that sense, kanban is easier to adapt whereas scrum can be considered as a fundamental shift in the thought process and functioning of a development team. Scrum product owners understand the customer and business requirements, then create and manage the product backlog based on those requirements. Since agile teams are, by design, flexible and responsive, it is the responsibility of the product owner to ensure that they are delivering the most value. The business is represented by the product owner who tells the development what is important to deliver. Sprint Backlog is the list of items, user stories, or bug fixes, selected by the development team for implementation in the current sprint cycle.

  • The Product Owner is accountable for maximizing the value of the product resulting from the work of the Scrum Team.
  • You could also look into SAFe, as a second method for agile scaling.
  • There is no shortage of Agile Scrum tools for programmers, so how can you filter through them to pick one that fits your needs?
  • It tracks the progress of individual sprints as well as epics and versions.
  • Using Scrum values and principles can help guide these discussions and lead to a mutually agreed solution that benefits the team and the project.
  • The definition of scrum is based on empiricism and lean thinking.

Sprint planning duration for a two-week sprint is about half a day. A four-week sprint might need up to a full day for sprint planning. Unlike traditional project planning methods, the team does not focus on an elaborate and uncertain plan at the beginning of its development effort. Rather, it makes a series of granular, more certain, and more detailed plans at the start of each sprint. During each sprint, the development team’s role is to self-organize and design, build, integrate, and test product backlog items into increments of potentially shippable functionality. Cross-functional means that the team has all the skills or capabilities needed for product development.


No development team wants mixed guidance from multiple product owners. Its execution can be tailored to the needs of any organization. There are many theories about how exactly scrum teams must work in order to be successful. If you have lots of great skills for delivering customer value and that is what excites you, then you should be a scrum development team member. In fact, the team is the most important element of any agile organization as they actually deliver value to customers and stakeholders.

development team in scrum

This blog post focuses on the Development Team; I’ll describe the characteristics, skills and conditions. Scrum Teams are cross-functional, meaning the members have all the skills necessary to create value each Sprint. They are also self-managing, meaning they internally decide who does what, when, and how. Option A (“10 or fewer”) is a reasonable approximation of the recommended team size range.

The scrum master

Sprint Backlog refers to a subset of Product Backlog that is selected for a Sprint along with its delivery plan. Based on the items in the Sprint Backlog, the Development Team decides how they will create a “Done” product. It is recommended to invest of up to 10 percent of a team’s sprint capacity upon backlog refinement. More mature teams will not see this as a scheduled defined event but as an ad-hoc activity that forms part of the natural workflow, refining and adjusting the product backlog when needed. Incomplete work should not be demonstrated; although stakeholders should be presented with product increments they will be receiving, but can also request to see work in progress if necessary.

development team in scrum

If review implies any deviations in the product, then adjustments are made as soon as possible to control further deviation. Scrum emphasizes valuable, actionable output at the end of the sprint that just was completed. The output of each iteration should bring the developed product closer to market success. In the case of software, this likely includes that products are fully integrated, tested and documented, and potentially releasable. The scrum framework was based on research by Schwaber with Babatunde Ogunnaike at DuPont Research Station and University of Delaware. Scrum’s approach to planning and managing product development involves bringing decision-making authority to the level of operation properties and certainties.

The pursuit of development

It is usually done by allocating story points to each story and comparing it with how much story point the development team has historically achieved in a Sprint. If the development team has any questions on the requirement, they will clarify that with the product owner. Instead, they make a series of granular, more certain, and detailed plans at the start of each sprint. Thus, all these planning and effort has to be made by the development team. Bas Vodde and Craig Larman evolved the LeSS framework from their experiences working with large-scale product development, especially in the telecoms and finance industries. It evolved by taking Scrum and trying many different experiments to discover what works.

development team in scrum

The scrum master serves the product owner in sprint planning and sprint reviews, ensuring that value is clearly being described and direction set. They serve the development team in the daily scrum by ensuring that work is happening and that blockers are being removed. They also take responsibility for blockers that are outside of the team’s ability to resolve. The scrum master ensures that every opportunity to improve is made transparent to the scrum team and the retrospective has a clear set of outcomes that can be executed. Towards ending each sprint, the development team has to do two important steps.

Product Owner Authority:

Scrumwise’s Kanban boards let programmers create boards for each workflow and come in handy when sprints are not needed. You can mix Kanban and Scrum boards as you wish for total flexibility. Sprint management in Scrumwise lets project managers visually organize sprints to allocate work among scrum team roles and responsibilities team members. They can view which teams are overloaded, make on-the-fly adjustments, handle weekend work and vacations, etc. Teams of developers are structured and empowered to organize and plan how to accomplish their work at an agreed upon level of quality—the definition of done.

development team in scrum

Such a small composition encourages communication and openness, as Team members have the opportunity to get to know each other. It needs to be big enough to make business-visible progress in each Sprint. To start with the team is like lots of different ingredients that don’t know how to combine to create a great sauce. Through working together every Sprint heat is applied to the team, which allows the ingredients to start to learn how to combine effectively.

Who does the development team report?

Each event in Scrum is a formal opportunity to inspect and adapt Scrum artifacts. These events are specifically designed to enable the transparency required. Failure to operate any events as prescribed results in lost opportunities to inspect and adapt.

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